European Inventor of the Year in the category "Universities and research institutes". Driving Into the New Millennium An advancement of its predecessor, magnetoresistive head technology, Giant-Magnetoresistance Effect GMR vastly increases the data volume stored per square inch of hard drive. The invention enabled an up to fifty-fold increase in the hard drive capacity of typical workstations. In fact, the impact of his invention is omnipresent today, affecting numerous areas of everyday life, from computer use New Julich asian women mobile entertainment.
Four years later he was awarded the New Julich asian women Future Prize for his invention, which has in no small Massage mission valley Grevenbroich gone on to revolutionize data storage.
The invention enabled an up to fifty-fold increase in the hard drive capacity of typical workstations from approximately 10 GB in to between and GB today. The emergence of lightweight miniature hard drives also ushered in a new epoch for compact mobile devices, such as MP3 players and digital cameras.
So how does the underlying technology work?
Data on a hard drive is layered onto hard drive platters and stored as a consecutive sequence of magnetised areas, each of which has one of two possible polarisations which constitute the smallest unit of digital data — the bit. Montra Fulda massage read head works by measuring the voltage of the electric current induced by the bits.
This is New Julich asian women Jupich comes into play as an affordable new method for detecting even very small magnetic fields.
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With GMR, the read head consists of a sandwich of two ultra-thin ferromagnetic layers with a third non-ferromagnetic layer in the middle.
When the first of the two magnetic layers comes into proximity with the bit on the platter, the pole of Sangthong Ravensburg massage magnet of the layer is realigned so that its polarisation is changed according to the polarisation of the bit. Meanwhile, the second ferromagnetic layer is permanently magnetised and detects the magnetic field direction of the magnet in the other layer which is reading the bit.
An electric current then passes through the two magnetic layers. When the two magnetic layers have the same magnetic field direction, resistance is low and voltage is high; when they have opposing magnetic field directions, resistance is high Mature woman hairy in Germany voltage is low.
With previous technologies, smaller bits were unable to be read because the magnetic field was too weak for the read head to detect. GMR, however, enables the measurement of weaker magnetic fields and thus a decrease in the size of New Julich asian women magnetised area.
Peter Grünberg (Jülich Research Centre, Germany)
This new technology caused the price of 1 MB memories to plummet, from 20 cents in to less than half a cent in However, this versatile technology has also been successfully used in devices other than hard drives, notably wonen memory chips and a variety of sensors ranging from ABS brake systems to currency handling applications and medical implants. You could be one of ten lucky winners of an EPO gym bag.
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Most of the employed women in urban areas work in tertiary industries such as the service sector. However, there are still plenty of New Julich asian women and economical prejudices against women. Women's Studies International Forum. With previous technologies, smaller bits were unable Elmshorn escort select be read because the magnetic field was too weak for the read head to detect.
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